Astronauts are the first professionals that arrive at mind when most people think about Space sector jobs, there are various other employment opportunities in this field. If you’re enthusiastic about working in a field that involves studying the planets, the solar system, and other aspects of the universe, consider investigating the many opportunities for careers in space science.
All this will require a vast spectrum of professional competencies like space technology, administration, media skills, understanding of physical and biological sciences, and more. Thus, space has become a huge arena for professionals in every field to operate.
Career Opportunities in Space
Become an Astronaut
An astronaut is an individual who is trained, equipped, and deployed in a spacecraft to serve as commander or crew in outer space. Astronauts make up only a very small amount of all space science workers. Every country that regulates a space exploration program has a restricted number of career opportunities for astronauts but an astronaut salary is high.
Qualification for Become an Astronaut
Eligibility is a significant element for considering ‘how to become an astronaut’. Since the first crewed spacecraft from India is going to take off in December 2021, here below are the important qualifications and eligibility requirements to become an astronaut in India also get an astronaut salary. To qualify you should read how to study with concentration.
- He/She must be a citizen of India.
- Students must have a bachelor’s degree from a perceived university or college. The degree could be in computer science, engineering, physics, mathematics, chemistry, or biology.
- An individual must have an aggregate of 65% or CGPA or CPI grading of a minimum of 6.84 on a 10 scale.
- A Master’s or doctorate in aerospace engineering, aeronautical engineering, Science is important for a higher post and will add up to your achievements.
Exams to become an Astronaut
After graduation, the competitors can appear for the entrance exam which is held by NASA for the recruitment of Scientists, Astronauts, etc. Aspirants can also find employment in ISRO. There are many vacancies in ISRO which is conducted for the recruitment of Scientists and Engineers. To join the ISRO, the aspirants need to clear the Joint Entrance Exam set by the IIT’s.
Astronaut Training: To fly out of the earth in another dimension, there are particular physical and medical requirements under the astronaut training. These play a vital role in the employment of astronauts since it’s not easy or convenient to make an emergency return and it is better to take precautions. Since ISRO is soon launching a space program candidate who wishes to apply for the post should have a satisfactory medical history, perfect vision, normal blood pressure, and must be good in shape, only can take astronaut training.
Apart from these qualities candidate requires certain psychological astronaut training aspects such as a history of substance abuse, mental capability, and behavioral aspects. According to NASA, candidates undergo rigorous astronaut training programs for physical aspects such as swimming, military water survival, scuba diving, and atmospheric pressure test.
Skills Required to get An Astronaut Salary
An Astronaut salary is very high and also few peoples can make it possible. Here is those skills required to become an astronaut you have.
- Good communication skills.
- Good coordination skills.
- Multi-tasking ability.
- Teamwork skills.
- The skill of adaptation.
- Understanding of the environment.
- Observation skills.
- Being patient and calm in every situation.
An Astronaut Salary
An astronaut salary has very good salary. In India, Astronauts are paid based on the Fifth Pay Commission. For physicists, scientists, or engineers at ISRO the pay is approximately INR 42 lakh to INR 92 lakh per year. However, people in the higher position are paid around INR 2 lakh-3 lakh per month. An astronaut salary in NASA earn an annual income of around $65,000 for GS-12 grade. And for GS-13 the salary goes around $100,701.
Engineers a Space Sector Jobs
While an astronaut is the one who travels to outer space that gets most of the public’s attention, it is the engineer who makes space exploration travel possible.
Aerospace engineers work on flight and the different flight activities within an environment and space. Aerospace engineers use science and technologies that are used in aircraft and spacecraft development, design, testing, and production. They also work on satellites and missiles and concentrate on any equipment and systems needed to support these processes.
Education and salary
You need a bachelor’s degree in aerospace engineering or the science field. If you work on any government project such as national defense security you need security clearances. The annual salary is around $115,000.
Computer engineer works on design and develops new technologies and applications that can be used in the aerospace computer system. You may work in the R and D department where you can build this specialist computer system which can be used in space computers.
Education and salary
A bachelor’s degree in computer engineering is preferred by many companies although many colonies also prefer a computer science degree. Meanwhile, the salary is around $114,000 per annum.
Exams to become a space engineer
A space scientist candidate must have studied Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics as a core subject and must have secured an excellent score in the board exam. Most of the reputable colleges offering engineering courses administer entrance exams like IIST, JEE, AIEEE, and BITSAT. The choice of aerospace or aeronautic engineering depends on the rank secured by the candidate. A student can also take up an M.Sc program from IISER (Indian Institutes of Science Education and Research). This is a 5-year course that will also help to grow a career as a Space Scientist.
An astrophysicist is defined as an astronomer who surveys celestial objects and their bodily makeup and how they interact with other space bodies. You’ll conduct research and formulate theories from observing and experimenting with electromagnetism, quantum mechanics, and other topics. You’ll create numerous methods for testing and applying physics theories.
Education for becoming a Astrophysicists
Astrophysics may be educated as a special course in the M.Sc. programs of the physics departments in institutes, universities, or colleges. A student should develop proficiency in physics and mathematics at the graduate level and then to Astrophysics specialization. An engineer with a B.Tech or B.E. degree, with an aptitude for Astrophysics, can also enter the field as a research scholar. After completion of a master’s degree, you can either do a Ph.D. in astrophysics or astronomy.
Exams to give
There are numerous exams which you can appear in. But it is not essential to clear all of those to become an astrophysicist. You need to clear any one of them. The major exams which are held nationwide are JEST, GATE, NET. JEST is a Joint Entrance Screening Test, GATE is the Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering, and NET National Entrance Test.
The job expects analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and difficulties. It requires taking responsibility and willing to take challenges. Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems. Communication skills required.
An entry-level Astrophysicist with less than 1 year of experience can anticipate earning an average total income (includes tips, bonus, and overtime pay) of ₹650,000 based on 13 salaries. An early career Astrophysicist with 1-4 years of experience receives an average total compensation of ₹515,210 based on 20 salaries. A mid-career Astrophysicist with 5-9 years of experience earns an average cumulative compensation of ₹700,000 based on 8 salaries.
Scientists in the space division ask questions, administer research, and use science to better understand how and why things happen in our cosmos. Their purpose is to advance knowledge so that it can pertain to technology development in many fields. In the space sector, scientists collect data from numerous sources to execute their research and answer big questions. Data can come from satellites, telescopic images, experiments on the International Space Station, fieldwork in different regions on Earth, or even celestial bodies that have fallen to Earth. Some scientists use rovers to study the surface of Mars to determine if there could have been life on the red planet.
Education to become a space, scientists
You can work as a space scientists after completing of following degrees
- Bachelor’s degree after 3 to 4 years of study.
- Masters degree which you get after 2 years of additional studies.
- Ph.D. is accomplished in 3 to 5 years after a master’s degree.
- A Ph.D. could authorize you to work in research. Researchers help advance knowledge in their area of mastery. That knowledge may then be used in the improvement or development of new technologies.
Fields of work in space science
Space scientists can specialize in many various fields associate with the study of space, planets, and life in the universe, including, biology, chemistry, geology, meteorology, and physics. They can work in the government, or the private sector.
The instructor continuously trains the individual in the operation of all major European hardware onboard the International Space Station. The team also is trained in new technologies develops training protocol. They are also taught about dealing with new equipment.
Exams to give
To become a space scientist there are many entrance tests. Some of them are JEE advance. JEE is conducted every year by ISRO. Aspirants from any background can give this entrance exam. Many prestigious universities in India recruit aspirants based on the results and prepare them for the space scientists program.