How to become a Scientist

How to become a Scientist
How to become a Scientist

One can be a scientist in whatever field or department they love. Adding to this, it’s a fact that not many choose to be a scientist. So, today we will be discussing how to become a scientist, the roles of a scientist, and other details. Also, stay tuned till the end of this article.

So, instead of directly jumping into the criteria for becoming a scientist. We should know what the term scientist means? Also read about the process of how to become a scientist.

What is Scientist?

A scientist is the one who uses education as a skill to collect information, and then uses the research work and evidence collected for drawing a hypothesis.

 After testing the hypothesis, he finally shares this understanding amongst the globe. In simpler terms, a scientist can be defined by three major terms. These are how, what, and where.

  • “How” means through which means of study they will become a scientist.
  • “What” means what is the information they’re seeking about.
  • “Where” implies where will they be after applying this information and skills.

So, now getting a general idea of what a “scientist” means. We shall now move on to know what are educational qualifications required to be a scientist. Lets know how to become a scientist before it we will see some scientists list and their research.

Scientists List

Here a small list of world top research and their scientist list along with their research. These research’s completely change the world and there biography is very famous. Some of famous scientists list given below:

NameField of ResearchNameField of Research
1. Alain AspectQuantum Theory26. Martin KarplusQuantum Chemistry
2. David BaltimoreVirology—HIV & Cancer27. Donald KnuthComputer Programming
3. Allen BardElectrochemistry28. Robert Marks IIComputational Intelligence
4. Timothy Berners- LeeComputer Science (WWW)29. Craig MelloMolecular Medicine
5. John Tyler BonnerEvolutionary Biology30. Luc MontagnierImmunology—HIV
6. Dennis BrayMolecular Biology31. Gordon MoorePhysicist—Intel Corp.
7. Sydney BrennerBiology—Genetics32. Kary MullisDNA Chemist
8. Pierre ChambonGenetics & Cellular Biology33. C. Nüsslein- VolhardDevelopmental Biology
9. Simon Conway MorrisEvolutionary Paleobiology34. Seiji OgawafMRI Technology
10. Mildred DresselhausCarbon Science35. Jeremiah OstrikerAstrophysics
11. Gerald M. EdelmanNeuroscience36. Roger PenroseMathematics & Physics
12. Ronald EvansMolecular Genetics37. Stanley PrusinerNeurodegeneration
13. Anthony FauciImmunology—HIV38. Henry F. Schaefer IIIQuantum Chemistry
14. Anthony FireGenetics—RNAi39. Thomas SüdhofNeurotransmission
15. Jean FréchetBiotechnology40. Jack SzostakGenetics
16. Margaret GellerAstronomy41. James TourNanotechnology
17. Jane GoodallPrimatologist42. Charles TownesQuantum Electronics
18. Alan GuthInflationary Cosmology43. Harold VarmusOncology
19. Lene Vestergaard HauQuantum Physics44. Craig VenterHuman Genetics
20. Stephen HawkingPhysics & Cosmology45. James WatsonMolecular Biology—DNA
21. Peter HiggsPhysics—Higgs Boson46. Steven WeinbergTheoretical Physics
22. Leroy HoodSystems Biology47. George WhitesidesChemistry—Spectroscopy
23. Eric KandelNeuroscience48. Edward WilsonBiology—Myrmecology
24. Andrew KnollPaleontology49. Edward WittenString Theory
25. Charles KaoFiber Optics50. Shinya YamanakaStem Cell Research
Scientist List

Educational Qualifications to become Scientist

Okay, so the candidate must take and pursue science as the stream during the higher secondary levels that are in 10+2 classes. Then, the candidate needs to get a bachelor’s degree from a recognized board or an institution. Following this, the candidate needs to do a master’s degree as well as having any one specialization. And, finally need to do the Ph.D. too that is the doctorate. It would be great if the candidate chooses permutation, combination as the main matter along with biology during his 11th and 12th standards.

Now, here the minimum criteria for pass percentage are 60% aggregate in bachelor’s degree. Then a minimum 65% aggregate in master’s degree. It would be great if you get more, as you are the sole beneficiary. So, as said above there are different types of job roles (scientists) which you can be. Such as data scientists, ethologists, botanists, Astronomers, etc. So, now we will be discussing these various opportunities so that you will get a clear picture of what you want to be.

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Different Types of Scientists


An ethologist is a scientist who specializes in the subject matter of animal behavior. He studies the behavior of animals under natural conditions as well as in man-made conditions. How they react to unnatural events, etc.


It deals with the subject matter of algae, fungi, and bacteria. They study the growth and structure of microscopic animals and plants, their evolution. Adding to this the study of harmful microorganisms, other deadly viruses, agricultural, industrial organisms come under this field only.


Geologist is the one who studies the states of matter, that is solid, liquid, and gas which constitute and make up our planet earth. They study all that matter which includes the earth, that is earth matter, earth history, and materials. Cover all the unnatural events including landslides, earthquakes, tectonic moments, volcanic eruptions, etc. they get into details of these occurrences.


Regarding this field, one will study stars, galaxies, planets, etc. getting into the details of how the planets shift from one position to another, and what impact it will make in our lives. Then, they depict what is our nature and behavior according to the stars.


Agronomists is the one who studies the field of agriculture and technological growth related to it. In short, a person who involves in the process of researching and developing cultural products comes with better ideas and techniques is known as Agronomists.

Well, these were some of the different types of scientists. From this, you can draw a line between the roles and responsibilities that differ depending upon each type. But, though knowing this, we will be discussing some of the generic roles that a scientist plays. These are the common duties of all scientists.

Roles of Scientists

  • Researching in the desired field or the specialization that one took.
  • Drawing regular hypotheses and testing them.
  • The third would be recording and analyzing the data.
  • Then, planning and demonstrating experiments.
  • It also involves writing research papers, reports, and reviews.
  • Presenting the result to senior officers and other research staff.
  • Then conducting fieldwork, collecting various samples, and drawing conclusions.
  • Then keeping up the new knowledge, data, and other technical innovations.

Well, these are some of the common roles and responsibilities of a scientist. Now, reading till here would make you fall in love with the term scientist. As it simply says “do what you love.” But, we are still in the making of “how to become a scientist.” So, now we will be knowing the different colleges which offer this unique opportunity. So, here’s listing down some of the colleges where you can pursue as a scientist.

Different Colleges for becoming Scientist

  • Bhopal University (BU) is situated in Bhopal.
  • SRM University in Amaravati.
  • Tata Institute of Fundamental Research in Mumbai.
  • St. Xavier college in Mumbai.
  • Tezpur University, situated in Tezpur.
  • IISER (Indian Institute of Science Education and Research) in Pune.
  • DG Vaishnav College in Chennai.
  • IISER (Indian Institute of Science Education and Research) in Kharagpur.

So, there were some of the colleges where you can pursue the course to become a scientist. Now, there are numerous employment opportunities which you can fetch on being a scientist. So, here are a few of them.

Employment Opportunity for Scientists

  • In ISRO like space companies.
  • Medical companies, Pharmaceutical Companies.
  • Food and Beverage Industry.
  • Mining Industry.
  • Medical centers and institutions.
  • Animal care centers.
  • Also, you can be a Geologist, Archeologist.
  • Manufacturing and Warehouse units.

So, knowing the employment opportunities, don’t you want to know what are the top recruiting top companies which offer you these positions. Hence, here’s listing down some of the lists of companies.

Top Recruiting Companies

  • Ministry of Mines.
  • Indian Airforce.
  • National Aeronautics and Space Research (NASA).
  • Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER).
  • Aero Control.
  • ASRC Aerospace Corporation.
  • Institute of stem cell biology and regenerative medicines (In Stem).
  • International flavors and fragrances India ltd.
  • Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO).

Well, these are some of the companies and institutes which offer you employment opportunities in the aforesaid field. They provide you a salary based on how qualified you are.

Adding to this your experience levels also work to get more salary. But, this system hugely differs and depends on what type of scientist you are. Now, we will be discussing the annual package of different scientists.

Salary System of Scientist


An astronomer can have a package of 6-8lakhs p.a which can go up to 10 lakhs with experience.


A botanist starts with a 2lakhs package, continues to earn a median package of 6 lakhs p.a and with experience, it can go up to 11 lakhs p.a as well.


Here, the median salary stands about 3 lakhs p.a and can go up to 10 lakhs p.a with experience.


The highest salary package of this scientist stands about 10 lakhs p.a.

Other scientist has also very good salary package details add soon.

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